“You can’t be unhappy in the middle of big, beautiful river” -Jim Harrison
Indeed, rivers are the most beautiful feature of nature created by God. They’re the most celebrated natural thing by poets as they write sonnets on it, personifying them in every possible aspect which expresses beauty or spirituality. Udaipur has been blessed by, not just one, but nine major rivers. Here is a detailed description of all the rivers and their impact on Udaipur city.
Origination– The river originates about 5.5 km from Kumbhalgarh, Rajsamand in the khamnor hills of Aravalli Range. It flows through north-east of Mewar before meeting River Chambal in Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan. The basin of the river covers the area of 45,833 square kilometers and is flows up to 512 km.
About– The river has Nathdwara, Tonk and Jahazpur district lying on it, and the river basin covers the districts of Udaipur, Rajsamand, Ajmer, Bundi, Dausa, Tonk, Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Jaipur, Sirohi, Pali and Sawai Madhopur. The river is under the Bilaspur-Jaipur Project-2009 by Government of Rajasthan and provides drinking water to Jaipur city.
- Bisalpur Dam is situated in Tonk district, Rajasthan. The Dam was built in 1999 and serve irrigation purposes, drinking water and supplies water in surrounding region.
- Bitham Dam is situated in Bhinmal city in Jalore district. The dam was completed in 1963 and serve irrigation purposes.
- Nand Samand Dam is situated in Nathdwara town near Rajsamand district. The dam was completed in 1956 and serve irrigation purposes.
Tributaries– The River is seasonal and has numerous tributaries.
The right bank tributaries are Berach and Menali and the left bank tributaries are Kothari, Dheel, Dai, Kalisil, Mohel, Soradara, and Khari.
Origination– The River originates in the north-eastern hills of Udaipur. It serves irrigation purposes and is an important river of the drainage system of the state of Rajasthan. The river flows for 157 km and covers the catchment area of 7,502 square kilometers.
About– The River is the tributary of River Banas. After originating from Udaipur and traveling through for 157 km, it joins Banas in the Bhilwara district of Rajasthan. The river drains the districts of Udaipur, Chittorgarh, Bhilwara, Nimbahera, and Jawad.
- Badgaon Dam is situated near Vallabhnagar city in Udaipur district. The dam was completed in 1973 and serve irrigation purposes.
- Bagolia Dam is situated near Vallabhnagar city in Udaipur district. The dam was completed in 1956 and serve irrigation purposes.
- Fateh Sagar Dam is situated in the Girwa region of Udaipur district. The dam was completed in 1889 and serve irrigation purposes.
- Madar Dam is situated in Salumber region in Udaipur district. The dam serves irrigation purposes.
- Udai Sagar Dam situated in Girwa region in Udaipur district. The dam was completed in 1585 and serve irrigation purposes.
Tributaries– Ahar, Gambhiri, Wagli, Orai, and Wagon. All the tributaries are rightward flowing.
Origination- The River originates from the hills of Gogunda in the north-west of Udaipur and travels through for 25-30 km before joining the Udai Sagar Lake in the eastern part of Udaipur.
About- The river is the major river flowing through Udaipur. It is joined by numerous tributaries and sub-tributaries. The Ahar River and its tributaries are seasonal in nature and are on the peak of their youth during Monsoons. Ahar River lies at the center and its tributaries form a dendritic pattern. It is sad that the river with rich historical importance is currently the drainage body of the city and is filled with garbage and is extremely polluted and even though the word is everywhere, nothing is in progress to clean and protect it.
Tributaries– The watered spill of Lake Pichola and Fateh Sagar Lake fed the river.
Origination– The River is the tributary of Mahi River, a major west flowing river. Som originates from the hilly region near Som village in the Kherwara tehsil of the Udaipur district and flows for about 156 km in the eastern direction to meet River Mahi. Its catchment area is about 6,443 square kilometers.
About– It is elevated up to the height of 600 mts. above sea level. The catchment area is extended over Udaipur and Dungarpur districts of Rajasthan.
- Som Kamla Amba Dam is situated in the Salumber city of Udaipur district. The river was completed in 1995 and serve irrigation purposes.
- The dam is shared by both Som and Gomati rivers.
- Som Kagdar Dam is situated in the Kherwara region of Udaipur district. The dam was completed in 1983 and serve irrigation purposes.
Tributaries– Tidi, Gomati, and Jakham
Origination– The River originates from the central hill of Udaipur district, almost from the Badi Sadri region of Chittorgarh. It ultimately drains to Jaisamand Lake, for the creation of which, it was damned in the 17th century.
About– The river is known as the “Ganga of Southern Rajasthan”. It is in a quite dilapid
ated state currently.
- Som Kamla Amba Dam is situated in the Salumber city of Udaipur district. The dam was completed in 1995 and serve irrigation purposes.
- The dam is shared by both Som and Gomati rivers.
- Jaisamand Dam is situated in Sarda region of Udaipur district. The dam was completed in 1730 and serve irrigation purposes.
Tributaries– “Tributary itself”
Origination- The River originates from the Badi Sadri region of Chittorgarh district and flows south-west through Udaipur district and joins the Som river near the village of Bilara. It covers a considerable distance and area of 2,318 square kilometers.
About- The river flows towards south-western direction through Udaipur district. Beneshwar Dham, the holy place situated on the ‘sangam’ of the River Mahi, River Jakham and River Som, is the only place in India where ‘khandit Shivling’ is worshipped.
- Jakham Dam built under the Jakham Major Irrigation Project.” The dam is built in the Anooppura village, 35 km from Pratapgarh Town. the foundation of Dam was laid on 14 may 1968 by Mr. Mohanlal Sukhadia, the then chief minister of Rajasthan. It serves the irrigation purposes majorly in the region of Pratapgarh.
Tributaries- Sukhli and Karmai
Origination- The River originates in the Aravalli hills near Tepur village in Udaipur district. Before reaching Gulf of Cambay in the Arabian Sea, the river travels through for 48 km in Rajasthan and 323 km in Gujrat respectively. It has Banas river Basin towards its east. The total catchment area of the river is 21,674 square kilometers of which 4,124 square kilometers lies in Rajasthan and rest 18,550 square kilometers in Gujarat.
About- There are no culturally important spot or places located on the river in Rajasthan but the river holds quite a religious level in Gujarat. Mythologically, it is said that Lord Shiva brought River Ganga to the state of Gujrat and that is how Sabarmati was born. The river flows through the regions of Pali, Sirohi, Udaipur and Dungarpur districts of Rajasthan.
- Dharoi Dam
- Harnav Dam
- Mazam Dam
- Hathmati Dam
- Guhai Dam
- Matrak Dam
- Meswo reservoir
Tributaries- Sei and Wakal
Origination- The River originates from the western projections of the Aravalli hills. It is formed out of smaller rivulets and flows for the distance of 102 km. It covers 946 square kilometers of hilly area and slopes in this 102 km and finally meets River Sabarmati.
About- The river is famous for the Sei Dam which has the water capacity of about 38.6 million-meter cubes. It is a seasonal river.
- Sei Diversion Dam is situated in the Kotra region of Udaipur district. The dam was completed in 1978 and serve irrigation purposes.
Tributaries- “tributary itself”
Origination- the River originates from the south-western projections of Aravalli hills and travels for about 88 km before meeting Sabarmati river in the south. The catchment area of the river covers 1,625 square kilometers.
About- The river is the tributary of Sabarmati river and receives an average rainfall of 80 cm during monsoons. The river basin is hilly and covered with forests. It flows through the districts of Udaipur in Rajasthan and Sabarkantha in Gujarat.
•Mansi Wakal Dam is situated in Gorana, about 50 km from Udaipur. The dam construction was started in 1989 and is under construction. Two phases of the dam are complete which supply water in the Udaipur city.
Tributaries- “tributary itself”
The problem these rivers are facing:
The Rivers are subjected to inconsistency and heavy pollution in Rajasthan. The modern-day developed and developing projects takes a heavy toll on the aquatic animals and water bodies of the surrounding region. Several factors that result in pollution of river bodies are heavy mining in and around the Aravali region, discharge of industrial slurry and other wastage in the rivers, increasing deforestation, illegal sand mining and over-extraction of groundwater which results in the reduced performance of dams. Many perennial rivers of Rajasthan went seasonal in the recent years due to over-extraction of groundwater. As history says, the South and southeastern parts of Rajasthan had a very dear connection with the rivers. Some forts and fortresses even used them as their natural defense mechanism. Rajasthan already suffers from dryness due to its geographical position. It’s high time to save our rivers and take measures against the factors that affect and destroys their sustainability.